Third Semester

MPA 515: Global Governance

The course has been designed to familiarize students with the fundamental concepts, theories, mechanisms, issues and challenges of global governance. Similarly, the course introduces students with the roles of global and regional institutions in the contemporary globalized world. The course also aims at exposing the students to the emerging global challenges to create awareness of the situations that the present world is facing.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Global Governance      (LH 12)
  • Global governance: concept and actors
  • Overview of theories of global governance: realist theory, liberal theory, constructivist theory, Marxist and Neo-Marxist theories
Unit 2: Foundations of Global Governance and the United Nations          (LH 8)
  • The state system
  • Multilateralism in the twentieth century
  • The League of Nations and the formation of the United Nations (UN)
  • Introduction to the UN: purposes, principles and organs
  • Role of the UN in global governance
Unit 3: Contemporary Issue Areas of Global Governance     (LH 8)
  • Peace and security governance
  • Human development governance
  • Human rights governance
  • Environmental governance
Unit 4: Global Organizations and Regionalism            (LH 12)
  • Roles of the World Bank, IMF, WTO, ADB, ILO and International Criminal Court (ICC)
  • Regionalism: overview
  • Regionalism in South Asia: genesis and introduction to SAARC
  • Achievements and challenges of SAARC
Unit 5: Challenges of Global Governance          (LH 8)
  • Organized crime and international terrorism
  • Cyber crime
  • Communicable diseases
  • Money laundering


  • Bastola, M. K. (2018). Global Governance: Governance in a New World Order. Kathmandu: Midas Bastola.
  • Basu, R. (2004). The United Nations: Structure and Functions of an International Organisation. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  • Biswal, T. (Ed.) (2009). International Relations. New Delhi: Macmillan Publishers India Ltd.
  • Dash, K. C. (2008). Regionalism in South Asia: Negotiating Cooperation, Institutional Structures. New York: Routledge.
  • Diehl, P. F. (Ed.) (2005). The Politics of Global Governance. New Delhi: Viva Books Pvt. Ltd.
  • Karns, M. P. & Mingst, K. A. (2010). International Organizations: The Politics and Processes of Global Governance. New Delhi: Viva Books Pvt. Ltd.
  • United Nations (2008). The United Nations Today. New York: United Nations Department of Public Information.
  • Wunderlich, J. U. (2007). Regionalism, Globalisation and International Order: Europe and Southeast Asia. UK: Ashgate Publishing Limited.
Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 631: Rural/Urban Development

The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with the objectives, strategies and methods and actions of local development and acquaint them with the local development process and pattern in Nepal.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Local Development            (LH 8)
  • Concept and approaches to local development
  • Characteristics of local development
  • Policies for local development
Unit 2: Rural Development           (LH 10)
  • Concept and objectives of rural development
  • Community development and community engagement in rural development
  • Strategies and operational modalities of rural development: decentralization, people‚Äôs participation, integrated development, small farmers development, employment through entrepreneurship, empowerment, and capacity building

Unit 3: Urban Development LH10

  • Concept of urban development, urbanization, and urbanism
  • Relationship between urbanization and industrialization
  • Strategies of urban development: infrastructure development, housing, environment and slum management
  • Issues and challenges of urban development
Unit 4: Agencies and their Roles in Rural/ Urban Development      (LH 10)
  • Central government agencies
  • Local governments
  • International donor agencies
  • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
  • Policies and strategies for rural and urban development in Nepal
Unit 5: Recent Trends in Rural/Urban Development  (LH 10)
  • Rural-urban linkage, response to change on economic, social, institutional and political pressure
  • Indigenous development, local-global linkages
  • Partnership, cooperation and participation
  • Integration of policy and funding streams; decentralization, and accountability
  • Urbanization and rural-urban migration


  • Acharya, B. (2062). Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. Kathmandu: National Book Center.
  • Adhikary, S. P. (2038). Rural Development in Nepal Problems and Prospects. Kathmandu: Lalitpur Sajha Prakashan.
  • Chambers, R. (2004). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. New Delhi: Pearson Education.
  • Das, P. L. (2054). Sociology of Rural Society. Kathmandu: Rekha Rani Prakashan.
  • Hada, G. B. (2062). Rural Economics of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.
  • Hada, G. B. (2063). Rural Resources, Environment and Management. Kathmandu: Gyankunja Pustak Bhandar.
  • Singh, K. (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.