Third Semester

MPA 514: Contemporary Management

The role of public sector is changing in the modern world. Understanding the current agenda, issues, approaches and theories help students in the concerned field. The main objective of this course is to acquaint the students with new agenda, issues, approaches and theories in public sector.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Public Affairs Management        (LH 12)          
  • Concept of public affair management (PAM)
  • Paradigm shift in PAM: new public management (NPM), new public service (NPS), new public governance (NPG)
Unit 2: Management Approaches          (LH 14)
  • Strategic management: concept and significance of strategic management in public sector; process in formulation of strategic management; implementation of strategic management in public sector; problems on implementing strategic management
  • Performance management: concept and significance of performance management; process of performance management and performance related pay
Unit 3: Discretion, Integrity and Ethics in Public Sector         (LH 8)
  • Concept of discretion, integrity and ethics
  • Discretion management in public sector
  • Ethics management in public sector
Unit 4: Marketing of Public Services       (LH 6)
  • Role and functions of government
  • Public services delivery system
  • Marketing strategies for public services
Unit 5: Emerging Management Techniques in Public Sector            (LH 8)
  • Innovative management
  • Total quality management
  • Knowledge management in public sector
  • Diversity management


  • Bangural, Y. & George A. L. (2007). Public Sector Reform in Developing Countries. UK: Palgrave Macmilan.
  • Brendan, C. N. (2001). Public Sector Reform: An International Perspective. UK: Palgrave Macmillan.
  • Shahi, H. B. (2018). Contemporary Public Management. Kathmandu: Radhika Shahi.
Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 631: Rural/Urban Development

The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with the objectives, strategies and methods and actions of local development and acquaint them with the local development process and pattern in Nepal.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Local Development            (LH 8)
  • Concept and approaches to local development
  • Characteristics of local development
  • Policies for local development
Unit 2: Rural Development           (LH 10)
  • Concept and objectives of rural development
  • Community development and community engagement in rural development
  • Strategies and operational modalities of rural development: decentralization, people‚Äôs participation, integrated development, small farmers development, employment through entrepreneurship, empowerment, and capacity building

Unit 3: Urban Development LH10

  • Concept of urban development, urbanization, and urbanism
  • Relationship between urbanization and industrialization
  • Strategies of urban development: infrastructure development, housing, environment and slum management
  • Issues and challenges of urban development
Unit 4: Agencies and their Roles in Rural/ Urban Development      (LH 10)
  • Central government agencies
  • Local governments
  • International donor agencies
  • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
  • Policies and strategies for rural and urban development in Nepal
Unit 5: Recent Trends in Rural/Urban Development  (LH 10)
  • Rural-urban linkage, response to change on economic, social, institutional and political pressure
  • Indigenous development, local-global linkages
  • Partnership, cooperation and participation
  • Integration of policy and funding streams; decentralization, and accountability
  • Urbanization and rural-urban migration


  • Acharya, B. (2062). Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. Kathmandu: National Book Center.
  • Adhikary, S. P. (2038). Rural Development in Nepal Problems and Prospects. Kathmandu: Lalitpur Sajha Prakashan.
  • Chambers, R. (2004). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. New Delhi: Pearson Education.
  • Das, P. L. (2054). Sociology of Rural Society. Kathmandu: Rekha Rani Prakashan.
  • Hada, G. B. (2062). Rural Economics of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.
  • Hada, G. B. (2063). Rural Resources, Environment and Management. Kathmandu: Gyankunja Pustak Bhandar.
  • Singh, K. (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.