First Semester

MPA 501: Fundamentals of Public Administration

The purpose of this course is to provide a basic foundational knowledge of public administration and management. The course intends aiming to familiarize the students with the concepts, theories and emerging trends of public administration and management. It also aims at encouraging the students to apply the methods used by the administrator/managers in the changed context.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Public Administration (LH 16)
  • Evolution, concept and scope of public administration
  • Politics and administration: Politics – administration dichotomy, representative government and bureaucracy, bureaucratizing democracy
  • Public administration as a multi-disciplinary approaches: political, managerial and legal approaches to public administration
  • Principles of public administration
  • New public administration
  • New public management (NPM)
  • Governance
  • Postmodern in public administration
Unit 2: Management and Organization Theory (LH 10)
  • The origins of public management
  • Organization Theory: Classical approaches (scientific management, organization and management; and bureaucratic theory), neo-classical approach (human relations and behavioral approach, structural organization theory) and system theory
  • Techniques in public administration (decision making cycle and process, coordination in organization)
Unit 3: Intergovernmental Relations (LH 8)
  • The evolution of federalism
  • The structure of intergovernmental relations and management
  • Dynamism federalism
Unit 4: Machinery of Government (LH 6)
  • Concept of machinery of government
  • Federal, sub-national (state) and local government machinery
Unit 5: Administration in Comparative Perspective (LH 8)
  • Political culture and public administration
  • Personnel practice in comparative perspective
  • Budget practice in comparative perspective
  • Policy making in comparative perspective


  • Arora, R. K. & Goyal, R. (2007). Indian Public Administration: Institution and Issues. New Delhi: Wishwa Prakashan.
  • Arora, R. (1990). Comparative Public Administration: An Ecological Perspective. New Delhi: Associated Publishing House.
  • Basu, R. (1992). Public Administration Concept and Theory. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  • Bava, N. (Ed.) (2004). Public Administration in The 21 st Century. New Delhi: Kanishak Publishers and Distributors.
  • Berkley, G. E. (1978). The Craft of Public Administration. Boston: Allyn and Bacon Inc.
  • Bhatta, B. D. (2065). Srabjnik Prashan ko Adharbhut Siddhanta. America: Shree Asisdev Bhatta.
  • Caiden, G. (1971). The Dynamics of Public Administration: Guide Lines to Current Transformation in Theory and Practice. USA: Dryden Press.
  • Cox (III), R. W., Buck, S. J., & Morgan, B. N. (2017). Public Administration in Theory and Practice (2nd ed.). New York: Routledge.
  • Cox, R., Buck, S. J., & Morgan, B. N. (1994). Public Administration in the Theory and Practice. Delhi: Pearson Education Ltd.
  • Derbyshire, J. D. & Patterson, D. T. (1979). An Introduction to Public Administration. London: McGraw-Hill Book Company.
  • Goel, S. L. (2008). Public Administration: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: Deep and Deep Publication Private Limited.
  • Hans, R. (1989). Principles of Public Administration. New Delhi: Surjeet Publications.
  • Hays S. W. & Graham, C. B. (Eds.) (1993). Hand Book of Court Administration and Management. USA: CRC Press.
  • Heady, F. (1984). Public Administration: A Comparative Perspective (6th ed.). New York: CRC Press.
  • Henry, N. (2008). Public Administration and Public Affairs. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.
  • Hooja, R. & Arora, R. K. (Eds.) (2007). Administrative Theories: Approaches, Concepts and Thinkers in Public Administration. New Delhi: Rawat Publications.
  • Jabes, J. (Ed.) (2005). The Role of Public Administration in Alleviating Poverty and Improving Governance. Manila: The Asian Development Bank.
  • Jain, R. B. (2001). Public Administration in India: 21st Century Challenges for Good Governance. Michigan: Deep & Deep Publications.
  • Jamil, I., Askvik, S., & Dhakal, T.N. (Eds.) (2013). In Search of Better Governance in South Asia and Beyond. New York Heidelberg Dordrecht London: Springer.
  • Joshi, N. (1983). Evaluation of Public Administration in Nepal: Lesions and Experience. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Laxmikanth, M. (2003). Public Administration for the UPSC Civil Service Preliminary Examination. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.
  • Macrae, S. & Pitt, D. M. (1980). Public Administration: An Introduction. London: Pitman Publishing Ltd.
  • Avasthi, A. & Maheshwari, S. (1997). Public Administration. Agra: Lakshmi Narain Agrawal.
  • Marini, F. (1972). Toward a New Public Administration. London: Chandler Publishing Company.
  • Nigro, F. A. & Nigro L. (1980). Modern Public Administration. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.
  • Palekar, S. A. (2003). Public Administration. New Delhi: Serials Publications.
  • Peters, B. G. (2010). The Politics of Bureaucracy: An Introduction to Comparative Public Administration. London: Routledge.
  • Pokhrel, K. (2072). Rajya Janaprashan Ra Srbajnik Mamila. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributors.
  • Poudyal, M. (1989). Administrative Reform in Nepal. New Delhi: National Book Organization.
  • Poudyal, M. (1986). Aspects of Public Administration in Nepal. Delhi: National Book Organization.
  • Poudyal, M. P. (1984). Public Administration and Nation Building in Nepal. Delhi: NBO Publishers Distributors.
  • Pradhan, P. (2033). Public Administration in Nepal. Kathmandu: CEDA.
  • Prasad, R., Prasad V.S., Satyanarayan, P., & Pradhasaradhi, Y. (Eds.) (2010). Administrative Thinkers. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  • Rabin, J., Hildreth, W.B., & Miller G. J. (Eds.) (1997). Hand Book of Public Administration. New York: Marcel Dekker Inc.
  • Riggs, F.W. (1961). The Ecology of Public Administration. New Delhi: The Indian Institute of Public Administration.
  • Rosenbloom, D. H. & Goldman, D. D. (2005). Public Administration: Understanding Management, Policies and law in the Public Sector. Michigan: McGraw-Hill Companies.
  • Sangeeta, S. (2007). Principles of Public Administration. New Delhi: Mangalam Publishers and Distributors.
  • Shafritz, J. M., Russell, E.W., Borick, C.P., & Hyde. A. C. (2018). Introducing Public Administration (9th ed). New York: Routledge.
  • Shahi, H. B. (2018). Contemporary Public Management. Kathmandu: Radhika Shahi.
  • Sharma, M. P.; Sadana, B. L., & Kur, H. (2013). Public Administration: In Theory and Practice. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal Publishers.
  • Shrestha, T. N. (1981). Nepalese Administration: An Image. Kathmandu: Saja Prakashan.
  • Singh, V. (2012). Public Administration: Dictionary. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Education Pvt. Ltd.
  • White, L. D. (1989). Introduction to the Study of Public Administration. New Delhi: Eurasia Publishing House.
First Semester

MPA 505: Local Self-governance

The aim of this course is to familiarize the students with the theories and practices of local government system and its contemporary issues in governance dynamism so that the students will be able to bear responsibilities as activists, managers and promoters of local government system in general and particularly in Nepal.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Concept of Local Government and Local Governance (LH 12)
  • Evolution of local government and its changing perspectives
  • Features of local governments, federalism and local governments
  • Classification of local governments: basis of classification of local governments, changing roles and responsibilities of local governments
  • Need and importance of local governments, central- local relationship
Unit 2: Local Planning and Resource Mapping (LH 10)
  • Local planning process, resource planning, participatory planning with reference to local government
  • Private and NGOs participation, rural-urban partnership in planning and development, planning and community empowerment
  • Constraints on public private partnership (PPP) in local development in Nepal
Unit 3: Human Resource Management (HRM) System in Local Governments (LH 8)
  • Concept and process of HRM at local government level
  • Existing practices of HRM system in local governments
  • Issues, challenges and future perspectives in HRM system at local government level in Nepal
Unit 4: Financial System in Local Governments and Partnership (LH 10)
  • Concept of local finance and bases of finance in local governments
  • Sources of local finance
  • Concept of fiscal federalism
  • Roles and responsibilities of revenue sharing committee
Unit 5: Authority of Local Government in Nepal (LH 8)
  • Constitutional rights of local governments in Nepal
  • Judicial authority of local governments
  • Local Mediation Committee: their roles and responsibilities in Nepal
  • Contemporary issues in local governments


  • Baral, L. R., Hachhethu, K., Khanal, K. P., Kumar, D. K., & Sharma, H. (2004). Local Governance. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
  • Blakely, E. J. & Tradshaw, T. K. (2003). Planning Local Economic Development, Theory and Practices. New Delhi: Vistaar Publications.
  • Dhungel, D. N. (2002). Governance Situation in Nepal. Kathmandu: Institute for Integrated Development Studies.
  • Jain L. C. (Ed). (2005). Decentralisation and Local Government. New Delhi: Orient Longman.
  • Jhapa, G. (Ed.) (1998). Local Self-Government in Nepal. Kathmandu: Political Science Association of Nepal.
  • Joyal, N., Amit P., & Sharma P. K. (Eds.) (2006). Local Governance in India. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.
  • Khanal, R. (n. d.). Local Governance in Nepal. Democracy at Gross Root. Lalitpur: Smriti Books.
  • Maheshwori, S. R. (1984). Local Government in India. New Delhi: Lakshmi Naraian Agrawal.
  • Meehan, E. J., Roche J. P., & Stedman, M. S. (1966). The Dynamics of Modern Government. New Delhi: McGraw-Hill Inc.
  • Muttalib, M. A. & Khan, M. A. A. (1982). Theory of Local Government. New Delhi: Sterling Publishers Pvt. Ltd.
  • Ostrom, V., Bish, R., & Ostrom, E. (1988). Local Government in the United States. NewYork: Kampmann & Company.
  • Patttanayak, R. (Ed.) (1994). Local Government Administration Reform. New Delhi: Anmol Publications Pvt. Ltd.
  • Pierre, J. (Ed.) (2000). Debating Governance. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Richards, P. G. (Ed.) (1975). The Reformed Local Government System. London: George Allen & Unwin.
  • Sharma, S. & Acharya, B. (2069). Sthaniya Swyatha Sashan Pranali Sidhanta ra Behawar. Kathmandu: Archana Gautam & Jamuna Aryal.
  • Shrestha, T. N. (1996). The Concept of Local Government and Decentralization. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 631: Rural/Urban Development

The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with the objectives, strategies and methods and actions of local development and acquaint them with the local development process and pattern in Nepal.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Local Development            (LH 8)
  • Concept and approaches to local development
  • Characteristics of local development
  • Policies for local development
Unit 2: Rural Development           (LH 10)
  • Concept and objectives of rural development
  • Community development and community engagement in rural development
  • Strategies and operational modalities of rural development: decentralization, people’s participation, integrated development, small farmers development, employment through entrepreneurship, empowerment, and capacity building

Unit 3: Urban Development LH10

  • Concept of urban development, urbanization, and urbanism
  • Relationship between urbanization and industrialization
  • Strategies of urban development: infrastructure development, housing, environment and slum management
  • Issues and challenges of urban development
Unit 4: Agencies and their Roles in Rural/ Urban Development      (LH 10)
  • Central government agencies
  • Local governments
  • International donor agencies
  • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
  • Policies and strategies for rural and urban development in Nepal
Unit 5: Recent Trends in Rural/Urban Development  (LH 10)
  • Rural-urban linkage, response to change on economic, social, institutional and political pressure
  • Indigenous development, local-global linkages
  • Partnership, cooperation and participation
  • Integration of policy and funding streams; decentralization, and accountability
  • Urbanization and rural-urban migration


  • Acharya, B. (2062). Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. Kathmandu: National Book Center.
  • Adhikary, S. P. (2038). Rural Development in Nepal Problems and Prospects. Kathmandu: Lalitpur Sajha Prakashan.
  • Chambers, R. (2004). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. New Delhi: Pearson Education.
  • Das, P. L. (2054). Sociology of Rural Society. Kathmandu: Rekha Rani Prakashan.
  • Hada, G. B. (2062). Rural Economics of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.
  • Hada, G. B. (2063). Rural Resources, Environment and Management. Kathmandu: Gyankunja Pustak Bhandar.
  • Singh, K. (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.