Cooperative and Civil Society Governance Fourth Semester

CGG 651: NGOs Studies

The objective of this course is to provide the students with an understanding of the theoretical and practical understanding of Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs). Students will be able to analyze and conduct research in the area of nonprofit sector and their roles in development.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Non-governmental Organizations (NGOs) (LH 10)
  • Concept of volunteerism and civic engagement
  • NGOs/INGOs: concept, types and their roles in people-centered development and deepening democracy
  • Concept of civil society governance
Unit 2: Theories of NGOs and Social Capital     (LH 10)          
  • Theories of NGOs: public goods theory, contract failure theory, partnership theory and social origin theory
  • Social capital: concept and roles of NGOs in social capital formation
Unit 3: Growth and Development of NGOs in Nepal  (LH 8)
  • Traditional welfare organizations
  • Growth and development of modern NGOs
  • Classification of NGOs
Unit 4: NGOs in National Policies and Financing in Nepal     (LH 10)
  • NGOs as development partner
  • NGOs policies and strategies
  • NGOs financing and resource mobilization through NGOs
  • Contribution of NGOs: community participation, empowerment and social development
Unit 5: Governance of NGOs/INGOs in Nepal   (LH 10)
  • Legalization of NGOs
  • Institutions for governing NGOs
  • Transparency and accountability of NGOs
  • Code of conduct
  • Issues and challenges associated with NGOs


  • Chand, D. (1991). Development through Non-Government Organizations. Kathmandu: Institute for National Development Research and Social Service.
  • Chitrakar, A. (1996). Working with NGOs. Nepal: IUCN.
  • Dhakal, T. N. (2006). NGOs in Livelihood Improvement: Nepalese Experience. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
  • Vartola, J., Ulvila, M., Hossain F., & Dhakal T. N. (Eds) (2000). Development NGO, Facing the 21st Century Perspectives from South Asia. Kathmandu: Institute for Human Development.