First Semester

MPA 504: Public Finance

The objective of this course is to provide students with the basic knowledge of public sector economics and fiscal administration so as to make them competent and capable in understanding its evolution, principles and theories together with the significance of the public financial operation in the modern era.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Public Finance (10 LH)
  • Concept, nature, scope and significance of public finance
  • Functions of public finance: allocation, distribution and stabilization
  • Fiscal policy: concept, objectives and scope
Unit 2: Public Revenue       (10 LH)
  • Concept of public revenue, cannons of taxation, principles of taxation: benefit principle and ability to pay principle
  • Characteristics of effective tax system, revenue administration
Unit 3: Public Expenditure (10 LH)
  • Concept, structure and principles of public expenditure, pattern of public expenditure, public expenditure financial accountability (PEFA)
Unit 4: Public Debt (10 LH)
  • Concept and need of public debt
  • Sources and structure of public debt
  • Burden of public debt
  • Principles of debt management
Unit 5: Budgeting (LH 8)
  • Concept of government budgeting
  • Theories of budgeting: classical and modern concepts of budgeting
  • Types of budgeting
  • Process of government budgeting in Nepal and medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF)


  • Adhikari, H. P. (2007). Public Finance. Kathmandu: Renuka Kattel.
  • Adhikari, H. P. (2018). Aspects of Public Finance. Kathmandu: Image Adhikari.
  • Bhatia, H. L. (2010). Public Finance.New Delhi: Vikas Publishing House Pvt. Ltd.
  • Bista, B. (2061). Public Finance Theory and Practice. Kathmandu: Pairbi Prakashan.
  • David, B. F. & Duncombe, B. F. (1972). Public Finance. New York: Holt Rinehart and Winston Inc.
  • Hockley, G. (1979). Public Finance. London: Routledge.
  • Joshi, S. (2060). Public Economics. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan.
  • Kandel, P. R. (2061). Nepalko Sarbjanik Bitta Vybasthapanka Khi Pakshyharu. Kathmandu: Buddha Academic Publishers.
  • Lekhi, R. K. (1995). Public Finance. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Lekhi, R. K. & Singh, J. (2014). The Economics of Development and Planning. New Delhi: Kalyani Publishers.
  • Mehta, J. K. (1975). Public Finance. Allahabad: Kitab Mahal.
  • Singh, S. K. (2001). Public Finance. New Delhi: S. Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Singh, S. K. (2010). Public Finance: In the Theory and Practice. New Delhi: S. Chand and Company Pvt. Ltd.
  • Sundharam, K. P. M. & Andley, K. K. (1998). Public Finance: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: S Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Sundharam, K. P. M. & Andley, K. K. (2003). Public Finance: Theory and Practice. New Delhi: S Chand & Company Ltd.
  • Taylor, P. (1961). The Economics of Public Finance. Calcutta: Oxford and IBH Publishing Company.
  • Tyagi, B. P. (2004). Public Finance. Meerut: Jai Prakash Nath & Company.
Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 631: Rural/Urban Development

The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with the objectives, strategies and methods and actions of local development and acquaint them with the local development process and pattern in Nepal.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Local Development            (LH 8)
  • Concept and approaches to local development
  • Characteristics of local development
  • Policies for local development
Unit 2: Rural Development           (LH 10)
  • Concept and objectives of rural development
  • Community development and community engagement in rural development
  • Strategies and operational modalities of rural development: decentralization, people’s participation, integrated development, small farmers development, employment through entrepreneurship, empowerment, and capacity building

Unit 3: Urban Development LH10

  • Concept of urban development, urbanization, and urbanism
  • Relationship between urbanization and industrialization
  • Strategies of urban development: infrastructure development, housing, environment and slum management
  • Issues and challenges of urban development
Unit 4: Agencies and their Roles in Rural/ Urban Development      (LH 10)
  • Central government agencies
  • Local governments
  • International donor agencies
  • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
  • Policies and strategies for rural and urban development in Nepal
Unit 5: Recent Trends in Rural/Urban Development  (LH 10)
  • Rural-urban linkage, response to change on economic, social, institutional and political pressure
  • Indigenous development, local-global linkages
  • Partnership, cooperation and participation
  • Integration of policy and funding streams; decentralization, and accountability
  • Urbanization and rural-urban migration


  • Acharya, B. (2062). Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. Kathmandu: National Book Center.
  • Adhikary, S. P. (2038). Rural Development in Nepal Problems and Prospects. Kathmandu: Lalitpur Sajha Prakashan.
  • Chambers, R. (2004). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. New Delhi: Pearson Education.
  • Das, P. L. (2054). Sociology of Rural Society. Kathmandu: Rekha Rani Prakashan.
  • Hada, G. B. (2062). Rural Economics of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.
  • Hada, G. B. (2063). Rural Resources, Environment and Management. Kathmandu: Gyankunja Pustak Bhandar.
  • Singh, K. (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.
Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 632: Development Planning and Project Management

The objective of this course is to provide knowledge to the students on basic problems and techniques in development planning including socio-cultural and economic conditions required for development, different stages of plan formulation and quantitative planning techniques. It also provides knowledge to the students on basic concepts, theories and analytical techniques of Project Management.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Planning and Project Management            (LH 10)
  • Concept of poverty, inequality, and development
  • Introduction to economic growth and development
  • Concept of plan, program and project
  • Relations between plan and project
  • Concept of project management
Unit 2: Project Planning    (LH 8)
  • Project identification: problem tree and objective tree
  • Stages of project and its cycle
  • Feasibility study and preparation of project report
Unit 3: Project Appraisal   (LH 12)
  • Concept of project appraisal, cash flow analysis; discounting and non-discounting techniques
  • Economic and social cost benefit analysis, risk, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis; environmental analysis
Unit 4: Project Implementation   (LH 10)
  • Project organization; network analysis: PERT and CPM
  • Project control: budgeting, financial management, inventory management
  • Project management information system (PMIS)
Unit 5: Monitoring and Evaluation         (LH 8)
  • Need for monitoring & evaluation of project
  • Logical framework approach; project monitoring and evaluation system adopted by National Planning Commission
  • Evaluation approaches adopted by international organizations (UNIDO & the World Bank), Case study            


  • Agrawal, G. R. (2014). Project Management. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributer.
  • Chandra, P. (1999). Projects: Planning Analysis Selection Implementation and Review. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.
  • Chaudhary, S. (2001). Project Management. New Delhi: Tata Mc Graw –Hill Publishing Company Limited.
  • Joy, P. K. (1999). Total Project Management: The Indian Context. Delhi: Machmilin India Limited.
  • Kerzner, H. (2004). Project management: A Systems Approach to Planning Scheduling and Controlling.
  • Little, I. M. D. & Mirrless, J. A. (1974). Project Appraisal and Planning for Developing Countries. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishers Company.
  • Meredith, J. & Mantel, S. J. (1989). Project Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  • Rijal, P. R. (2059). Essential of Project appraisal and Management. Kathmandu: Kastamandap Academic Enterprise.
  • Sharma, B. P. (2006). Project management: Planning, Analysis and Control. Kathmandu: Ekta Books.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen, C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.
Fourth Semester Public Policy

PP 661: Public Policy Analysis- I

The objective of this course is to orient students about the emerging concepts and issues of public policy globally. At the end of the course, the students will be able to understand and analyze the issues of public policy with new perspectives.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Understanding Public Policy Analysis   (LH 16)
  • Approaches to public policy analysis
  • Positivism and post-positivism
  • Approaches to public policy studies
  • Multi-level and multi-disciplinary
Unit 2: Emerging Trends in Public Policy           (LH 10)
  • Policy making in the liberal democratic states
  • The globalization and public policy
  • Policy sub system and policy regimes       
Unit 3: Bureaucracy and Policy Making             (LH 8)
  • Organizations and accountability
  • Corporate lobby groups in the policy process        
Unit 4: Constraints on Public Policy        (LH 6)
  • Economic constraints on public policy
  • Institutional constraints on policy
  • Social and cultural constraints
Unit 5: Case Study   (LH 8)
  • Case study on selected substantive polices related to socio-economic issues


  • Adhikari, D. (2061). Public Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Pairabi Prakashan.
  • Anderson, J. E. (1979). Public Policy Making (2nd ed.). New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.
  • Cochran, C. L. & Malone, E. F. (2007). Public Policy: Perspectives and Choices. New Delhi: Viva Books Pvt. Ltd.
  • Devkota, S. C. (2060). Public Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.
  • Edward III, George C., & Sharkansky, I. (1978). The Policy Predicament. San Francisco: W.H. Freeman.
  • Farohock, F. M. (1979). Public Policy: Scope and Logic. New Jersey: Prentice –Hall INC Englewood Cliffs.
  • Frohlich, N. & Oppenheimer, J. A. (1978). Modern Political Economy, New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India
  • Hill, M. & Hupe, P. (2006). Implementing Public Policy: Governance in Theory and Practice. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Howlett, M. & Ramesh, M. (2003). Studying Public Policy: Policy Cycles and Policy Sub Systems. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Joshi, S. (2062). Economic Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Taleju Prakashan.
  • Pandey, Y. R. (2069). Public Policy Formulation, Implementation Monitoring Evaluation and Analysis of Public Policy. Kathmandu: Vidhyarthi Pustak Bhandar.
  • Paul, D. (1995). Public Policy Formulation and Implementation in India. New Delhi: Devika Publications.
  • Rana, R. B. (2014). Aspects of Public Policy, Kathmandu: Kantipur College of Public Management.
  • Reejal, P. R. (2003). Fundamental of Public Policy Analysis. Kathmandu: Pairabi Prakashan.
  • Sahni, P. (1987). Public Policy: Conceptual Dimension. New Delhi: Kitab Mahal.
  • Sapru, R. K. (2011). Public Policy: Art and Craft of Policy Analysis. New Delhi: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.
  • Sapru, R. K. (2014). Public Policy: Formulation, Implementation and Evaluation. New Delhi: Sterling Publishing Pvt. Ltd.
  •  Saxena, P. K. (1993). Comparative Public Policy. Delhi: Rawat Publications.