Second Semester

MPA 508: Administrative System in Nepal

The objective of this course is to acquaint students with the evolution and development of administrative system of Nepal so that students can analyze the administrative structure, process and spheres of Nepalese administration.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Administrative System in Ancient Period (LH 6)
  • Kirat
  • Lichhavi
  • Malla
Unit 2: Administrative System in Post-Unification (LH 8)   
  • Shah administration
  • Rana administration
Unit 3: Central and Sub-national Level Administrative System in Nepal (LH 16)
  • Central level: constitutional bodies, ministries and departments
  • Sub-national level – provincial level administration, and local level administration
  • Interrelationship and coordination between central and sub-national level administration
Unit 4: Administrative Reform Efforts in Nepal  (LH 12)
  • Concept of administrative reform (AR)
  • Efforts of AR in Nepal
  • Implementation of AR and its challenges
Unit 5: Administrative Culture and Trends (LH 6)
  • Administrative culture in Nepal
  • Emerging trends and issues of administrative system


  • Agrawal, H. N. (1976). The Administrative System of Nepal from Tradition to Modernity. New Delhi: Vikash Publlishing House Pvt. Ltd.
  • Baiday, T. R. & Manandhar, T. (2053). Aadhunik Nepal ko Prashasanik Itihas (1768-1951). Kathmandu: Nepal Asiali Anusandhan Kendra.
  • Bajracharya, B. R. (1992). Bahadur Shah the Regent of Nepal. New Delhi: Anmol Publications.
  • Bhatta, B. D. (2071). Nepal ko Prashasanik Itihas. Kathmandu: Sopan Mashik.
  • Bhattrai, G. (2064). Nepal ko Sthaniya Prashasan ko Itihas (1768-1951AD.). New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
  • Rana, K. S.(1967). Polity in Nepal: Origin and Growth. Bombay: Asia Publishing House,
  • Malhotra, R. C. (1958). “Public Administrations in Nepal” Indian Journal of Public Administration, 4 (4), 451-464.
  • Poudyal, M. (1989). Administrative Reforms in Nepal. New Delhi: National Book Organization.
  • Shrestha, T. N. (2005). Nepalese Administration: A Historical Perspective. Kadhmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.   
Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 631: Rural/Urban Development

The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with the objectives, strategies and methods and actions of local development and acquaint them with the local development process and pattern in Nepal.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Local Development            (LH 8)
  • Concept and approaches to local development
  • Characteristics of local development
  • Policies for local development
Unit 2: Rural Development           (LH 10)
  • Concept and objectives of rural development
  • Community development and community engagement in rural development
  • Strategies and operational modalities of rural development: decentralization, people’s participation, integrated development, small farmers development, employment through entrepreneurship, empowerment, and capacity building

Unit 3: Urban Development LH10

  • Concept of urban development, urbanization, and urbanism
  • Relationship between urbanization and industrialization
  • Strategies of urban development: infrastructure development, housing, environment and slum management
  • Issues and challenges of urban development
Unit 4: Agencies and their Roles in Rural/ Urban Development      (LH 10)
  • Central government agencies
  • Local governments
  • International donor agencies
  • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
  • Policies and strategies for rural and urban development in Nepal
Unit 5: Recent Trends in Rural/Urban Development  (LH 10)
  • Rural-urban linkage, response to change on economic, social, institutional and political pressure
  • Indigenous development, local-global linkages
  • Partnership, cooperation and participation
  • Integration of policy and funding streams; decentralization, and accountability
  • Urbanization and rural-urban migration


  • Acharya, B. (2062). Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. Kathmandu: National Book Center.
  • Adhikary, S. P. (2038). Rural Development in Nepal Problems and Prospects. Kathmandu: Lalitpur Sajha Prakashan.
  • Chambers, R. (2004). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. New Delhi: Pearson Education.
  • Das, P. L. (2054). Sociology of Rural Society. Kathmandu: Rekha Rani Prakashan.
  • Hada, G. B. (2062). Rural Economics of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.
  • Hada, G. B. (2063). Rural Resources, Environment and Management. Kathmandu: Gyankunja Pustak Bhandar.
  • Singh, K. (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.
Fourth Semester Human Resource Management

HRM 641: Comparative Personnel Administration of SAARC Country

The objective of this course is to acquaint students on administrative and civil service system of SAARC countries. Eventually, they can learn the policies, programs and practices of SAARC countries.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Comparative Administrative System in SAARC Countries     (LH 8)
  • Overview of administrative system in SAARC countries
  • Central government: structure, roles and functions
Unit 2: Overview of Sub-national Level Administration in SAARC Countries            (LH 10)          
  • State/province level administration
  • Local administration
Unit 3: Human Resource Development in SAARC Countries  (LH 6)
  • Training and development
Unit 4: Comparative Civil Service System in SAARC Countries           LH 16 
  • Brief overview of the civil service system
  • Selection of civil servants: testing and selection procedures
  • Compensation, benefits, and retirement benefits
  • Placement and transfer
  • Career development and promotion system
  • Civil service ethics and code of conduct
  • Professional neutrality
  • Role of recruiting agency, e.g. the Public Service Commission
Unit 5: Administrative and Civil Service Reform Initiatives in SAARC Countries (LH 8)
  • Administrative culture of civil service
  • Administrative reform initiatives
  • Issues and challenges of administrative system


  • Ahmed, N. (Ed.) (2018). Women in Governing Institution in South Asia: Parliament, Civil Service and Local Government, Switzerland: Palgrave McMillan.
  • Jamil, I., Aminuzzaman, S. M., & Haque, S. T. M. (Eds.) (2015). Governance in South, Southeast and East Asia: Trends, Issues and Challenges. London: Springer.
  • Jamil, I., Dhakal, T.N., & Paudel, N. R. (Eds.) (2019). Civil Service Management and Administrative Systems in South Asia. Switzerland: Palgrave McMillan.
  • Kabir, S. L. (2013). Women’s Participation in South Asian Civil Services: A Comparative Analysis of India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. Dhaka: A H Development Publishing House.