Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 631: Rural/Urban Development

The objective of this course is to familiarize the students with the objectives, strategies and methods and actions of local development and acquaint them with the local development process and pattern in Nepal.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Local Development            (LH 8)
  • Concept and approaches to local development
  • Characteristics of local development
  • Policies for local development
Unit 2: Rural Development           (LH 10)
  • Concept and objectives of rural development
  • Community development and community engagement in rural development
  • Strategies and operational modalities of rural development: decentralization, people’s participation, integrated development, small farmers development, employment through entrepreneurship, empowerment, and capacity building

Unit 3: Urban Development LH10

  • Concept of urban development, urbanization, and urbanism
  • Relationship between urbanization and industrialization
  • Strategies of urban development: infrastructure development, housing, environment and slum management
  • Issues and challenges of urban development
Unit 4: Agencies and their Roles in Rural/ Urban Development      (LH 10)
  • Central government agencies
  • Local governments
  • International donor agencies
  • Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs)
  • Policies and strategies for rural and urban development in Nepal
Unit 5: Recent Trends in Rural/Urban Development  (LH 10)
  • Rural-urban linkage, response to change on economic, social, institutional and political pressure
  • Indigenous development, local-global linkages
  • Partnership, cooperation and participation
  • Integration of policy and funding streams; decentralization, and accountability
  • Urbanization and rural-urban migration


  • Acharya, B. (2062). Rural Development: Theories and Approaches. Kathmandu: National Book Center.
  • Adhikary, S. P. (2038). Rural Development in Nepal Problems and Prospects. Kathmandu: Lalitpur Sajha Prakashan.
  • Chambers, R. (2004). Rural Development: Putting the Last First. New Delhi: Pearson Education.
  • Das, P. L. (2054). Sociology of Rural Society. Kathmandu: Rekha Rani Prakashan.
  • Hada, G. B. (2062). Rural Economics of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.
  • Hada, G. B. (2063). Rural Resources, Environment and Management. Kathmandu: Gyankunja Pustak Bhandar.
  • Singh, K. (1999). Rural Development: Principles, Policies and Management. New Delhi: Sage Publications.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.
Development Management Fourth Semester

DM 632: Development Planning and Project Management

The objective of this course is to provide knowledge to the students on basic problems and techniques in development planning including socio-cultural and economic conditions required for development, different stages of plan formulation and quantitative planning techniques. It also provides knowledge to the students on basic concepts, theories and analytical techniques of Project Management.

Course Contents

Unit 1: Introduction to Planning and Project Management            (LH 10)
  • Concept of poverty, inequality, and development
  • Introduction to economic growth and development
  • Concept of plan, program and project
  • Relations between plan and project
  • Concept of project management
Unit 2: Project Planning    (LH 8)
  • Project identification: problem tree and objective tree
  • Stages of project and its cycle
  • Feasibility study and preparation of project report
Unit 3: Project Appraisal   (LH 12)
  • Concept of project appraisal, cash flow analysis; discounting and non-discounting techniques
  • Economic and social cost benefit analysis, risk, uncertainty and sensitivity analysis; environmental analysis
Unit 4: Project Implementation   (LH 10)
  • Project organization; network analysis: PERT and CPM
  • Project control: budgeting, financial management, inventory management
  • Project management information system (PMIS)
Unit 5: Monitoring and Evaluation         (LH 8)
  • Need for monitoring & evaluation of project
  • Logical framework approach; project monitoring and evaluation system adopted by National Planning Commission
  • Evaluation approaches adopted by international organizations (UNIDO & the World Bank), Case study            


  • Agrawal, G. R. (2014). Project Management. Kathmandu: M.K. Publishers and Distributer.
  • Chandra, P. (1999). Projects: Planning Analysis Selection Implementation and Review. New Delhi: Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited.
  • Chaudhary, S. (2001). Project Management. New Delhi: Tata Mc Graw –Hill Publishing Company Limited.
  • Joy, P. K. (1999). Total Project Management: The Indian Context. Delhi: Machmilin India Limited.
  • Kerzner, H. (2004). Project management: A Systems Approach to Planning Scheduling and Controlling.
  • Little, I. M. D. & Mirrless, J. A. (1974). Project Appraisal and Planning for Developing Countries. New Delhi: Oxford and IBH Publishers Company.
  • Meredith, J. & Mantel, S. J. (1989). Project Management. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
  • Rijal, P. R. (2059). Essential of Project appraisal and Management. Kathmandu: Kastamandap Academic Enterprise.
  • Sharma, B. P. (2006). Project management: Planning, Analysis and Control. Kathmandu: Ekta Books.
  • Todaro, M. P. & Stephen, C. S. (2013). Economic Development (11th ed.). New York: Addison-Wesley.